medium of instruction in pakistan

Language Policy and Medium of Instruction Issue in Pakistan 113 but due to colonial influences and emotive value of Urdu especially in the Hindi-Urdu controversy, Urdu remained the official medium of instruction in most of the institutions of Pakistan (Rahman, 1995). Once Urdu is declared as the national language to be adopted as a medium of instruction at all levels of education, it will begin to take care of things on its own. This letter of announcement is addressed to Member States whose names are on thé attached list (Annex l). English was made medium of instruction in 18 colleges in 2008. • Vernacular / Mother-tongue / First language / Native language Major native languages of Pakistan are … The use of English as a medium of instruction in schools has given opportunity to a long debate whether English is better verified than … From this, I can also relate that if we want human development it is necessary to use our own national or native language which leads to a better understanding of basic concepts and then we can get prosperity and economic development. Economic development and prosperity of the nation are promoted by the good quality of education and when people become skillful and educated they play their roles in overall national development. Medium of instruction is big problem in Pakistan. Latest News I can best explain this with example of Holy Quran, as it was revealed by the Almighty in Arabic and Our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to convey teachings in that language because it was the mother tongue of the Arabs at that time, so they understood it very clearly without facing any problem. On the other hand, a huge number of children fail to understand basic lessons and are reduced to rote memorization because of inadequate language skills. This division of public and private schools leads to a lack of uniformity in our country, in both rural and urban areas. Medium Of Instruction THE MEDIUM/ LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION USED IN PAKISTANI CLASSROOMS Introduction 1. English medium Today in every province of Pakistan, there are various languages which are used at various levels. Research on the language teachers’ knowledge has always remained a grey area in Pakistan. Progress cannot come without using your own language. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government, led by Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf, has changed the medium of instruction in public schools from Urdu to English from April 2014. From this, I can also relate that if we want human development it is necessary to use our own national or native language which leads to better understanding of basic concepts and then we can get prosperity and economic development. As every nation becomes prosperous by gaining education in its own language, then why does Pakistan use English as the medium of instruction? As it is not possible for a man to walk with the legs of others, and see with the eyes of others. They all are following their own medium of instructions and this shows the most miserable picture of the whole community. The economic development and prosperity of a nation are promoted by a good quality of education, and when people become skillful and educated they play their roles in overall national development. Parallel System of Education English medium Middle, Upper-middle and Upper Classes Urdu medium Lower-middle & working classes … Its economy is weak. Every nation becomes prosperous by gaining an education in its own language then Why Pakistan uses English as the medium of instruction? This division of public and private schools leads to non-uniformity of our country in both rural and urban areas. It became the medium of instruction in the Islamic seminaries (madrasas) and the major language of religious writings. This chapter provides an overview of some of the core issues in English as a medium of instruction (EMI) in higher education (HE) in Pakistan. There is a lack of political stability, a huge increase in violence and terrorism activities and social unrest. Your right to know On the one hand, it provides access to jobs. This is no doubt the murder of integrity and uniformity in Pakistan. mediums of instruction in Pakistan: 1. This research paper focuses on the medium of instruction that has been the burning issue not only in Pakistan but all around the world. Pakistan is a developing country. This policy was meant to consolidate the empire because the English-educated Anglicised elite would support British rule in its own interest. The lower middle class who hardly can afford the basic needs have first priority to educate their children, sends them in Urdu medium schools as they were of opinion that at least their children will become educated. The study was delimited to male primary school teachers of the three districts namely Mardan, Peshawar and Swabi of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Approximately a third of all students at primary level attend a private school in Pakistan. This messy situation has caused a great hindrance to the education system in Pakistan. Education plays a key role in national development. The educational systems in Pakistan are giving birth to a dissimilarity and division of social classes in Pakistan. This issue has remained unresolved in Pakistan due to overwhelming practice of other local and native languages in different provinces. English is the preferred language of education at privet sectors and is most often recognized as the language of the elite and the ruling class. After contextualising EMI within the larger medium of instruction debate in the country, the chapter critically reviews some of the relevant findings from three major studies on attitudes towards languages in Pakistan. The Medium of Instruction (MOI) plays a significant role in any education system. Ph: +92 51 2287273 Islamabad, Ph: +92 21 35381208-9 Karachi Education plays a key role in national development. The writer heads an independent organisation dealing with education and development in Swat. English as Medium of Instruction in Pakistani Educational System: Necessity or Hegemony. I can best explain this with an example of Holy Quran, as it was descended by Allah Almighty in Arabic and Our Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W) used to convey the teachings in that language because it was the mother tongue of Arabs at that time so they understand it very clearly without facing any problem. Impact of English as Medium of Instruction on Student Learning at Primary Level in Lahore Sidra Kiran* NabiaYounus** Muhammad SaeedAkhtar*** ABSTRACT Selection of appropriate language of instruction has remained the point of discussion for the policy makers since 1st education policy of Pakistan. If you speak to a man in his own language, you speak to his heart.”. Language creates width in its flow over time. Once Urdu is declared as the national language to be adopted as a medium of instruction at all levels of education, it will begin to take care of things on its own. Although demands for Urdu/mother-tongue to be medium of instruction are supported by empirical evidence, English seems to have taken the lead at all times. This situation is no doubt the murder of integrity and uniformity in Pakistan. This problem becomes more severe in multilingual countries like Pakistan. 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Its economy is weak. As we have three types of systems of education working parallel as an English medium, Urdu medium, and Deeni Madaras. It also become part of the Muslim identity and contributed, next only to Islam itself, in mobilizing the Muslim community to demand Pakistan which was carved out of British India in 1947. Pakistan Government has been unable to come up with a uniform medium of instruction to be used in our educational institutions. 2. The current situation of Pakistan is quite below standard. It makes sense of responsibility among the people. Pakistan has five major vernacular or native languages which are provincial languages, and some other regional languages, and Urdu is our national language, and we should be proud of our languages. Pakistan is a multilingual country due to which various provincial / regional languages are … Pakistan needs a trilingual model wherein the native/mother tongue must be the medium of instruction at the primary level along with Urdu and English as subjects. An English as a compulsory subject policy was … Firstly, each province has its own regional language which is used as the language of everyday communication; and in school level Urdu is used as the language of instruction. Medium of Instructions in Pakistan We have numerous options of medium of instruction in Pakistan. At the level of higher education the mother tongue must be included as a subject. Terms & Conditions, Copyright © 2020 Daily Times Website Developed By Daily Times Developers. "Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami" PAKISTAN: AN EXPLORATION OF GOVERNMENT PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS’ ATTITUDES by LIAQUAT ALI CHANNA (Under the Direction of Victoria Hasko) ABSTRACT The National Education Policy (NEP, 2009) of Pakistan mandates that English shall be used as a medium of instruction for certain subjects in Grade 4 and onward in 2014. Economic development and prosperity of the nation are promoted by the good quality of education and when people become skillful and educated they play their roles in overall national development. Education plays a key role in national development. Government of the Punjab Notification No. Editor’s Picks, Contact Friday, December 18, 2020, English as Medium of Instruction in Pakistani Educational System: Necessity or Hegemony. As we have three types of systems of education working in parallel, English medium, Urdu medium and Deeni Madaris. This messy situation has caused a great hindrance to the education system in Pakistan. Home Thé médium of instruction being English, only candidates proficient in this language are eligible to apply. They all are following their own medium of instruction and this shows the most miserable picture of the whole community. medium of instruction in Pakistan and to emphasize the efforts fabricated by the antecedent Govt. Lead Stories On the other hand, a huge number of children fail to understand basic lessons and are reduced to rote memorization because of inadequate language skills. • Vernacular / Mother-tongue / First language / Native language Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Balochi, Saraiki etc. Every social class goes for separate set up of education for their children e.g. Pakistan is a developing country. They are found in both urban and rural areas. Pakistan has five major vernacular or native languages which are provincial languages and some other regional languages and Urdu is our national language and we should be proud of our languages. Some very religious people or poor people who can’t afford the expenses of schools at all send their child to Deeni Maddaras where the medium of instruction is totally different they used to speak in Arabic or in their native or regional language. We have many examples of developed or developing countries that made progress by educating their nation in their own mother tongue. The … PS/SSE/Misc/2009/176 dated 18-09-2009 required for the subjects of science and mathematics to be taught in English in each school. Progress cannot come without using your own language. TEACHERS’ PERCEPTIONS TOWARDS ENGLISH LANGUAGE AS MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION IN PAKISTAN Every social class goes for a separate system of education for their children, like the upper class, upper middle class and middle class who can afford the huge fee charged by renowned institutions, send their children to English-medium institutions. All these problems are directly or indirectly linked with the poor and weak education system in Pakistan. Unfortunately, in Pakistan, it is felt that there is a shortage of skilled professionals in the field of teaching, especially at the higher education level. This debate stirs up on and off due to various socio-political factors and then settles like dust temporarily. The Punjab Government has recently decided to re-introduce Urdu as the medium of instruction for primary school students in the province. The new directive will come into effect in over 60,000 public schools of the province from the next academic session beginning March 2020. became the medium of instruction in the Islamic seminaries (madrasas) and the major language of religious writings. This paper traces the controversy about the medium of instruction in Pakistan, beginning with the use of Englt education in pre-partition days. We have many examples of developed or developing countries who made progress by educating their nation in their own mother tongue. “If you speak to a man in a language he understands, you speak to his head. It is equally impossible for him to think in the language of others. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. “If you speak to a man in a language he understands, you speak to his head. If you speak to a man in his own language, you speak to his heart.” (Nelson Mandela, 2007). It has far more implications for cultural, economic, political, and social issues. Pakistan has struggled with the issue of medium of instruction for decades. From this, I can also relate that if we want human development it is necessary to use our own national or native language which leads to better understanding of basic concepts and then we can get prosperity and economic development.

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