how many deer per acre in high fence

Since this ranch is in Texas, I know the most-stressful time for the deer occurs during the months of July and August and into the first half of September. For example, if you're installing a 100-foot fence that is 4 feet high, you need 200 linear feet of railing. In one case, a deer jumped a 15’ deer fence; but it may have been chased by a predatory animal such as a coyote or wolf (it's unknown). ): To each their own is really how I live my life. 2 acres is about 8100m2 roughly so that is 360m of deer fencing. The goal: Reduce the deer population to nine per acre. For example, Lowe’s has a package made from 12 1/2 gauge galvanized wire and measures eight feet high and 330 feet long. No deer existed within the enclosure until 6 deer (2 bucks and 4 does) were introduced in 1928. Jack’s video Wildlife Food Plot and Feeder Basics explains where to set up food plots, how to plant that food plot, and why to use game feeders so that all these practices will attract deer. The money paid will more than cover the cost to high fence the perimeter of the property, which the entire ranch needs new fencing regardless. In his sixth year, he is hunted. These are important considerations for anyone pondering the placement of a game fence around their property in the name of deer management. However, this doesn’t always happen. Then, it’s a matter of conducting surveys in late summer or early fall to estimate the deer population and develop harvest recommendations based on goals. Why, you ask? Even in a controlled environment with plenty of forage, protection and low hunting pressure, you will still lose a lot of your bucks to natural mortality. On a 600 acre high fenced property, aiming for a buck to doe ratio of 1 buck for every 1.2 to 1.5 does would be a good place to start. I often bring young people to my ranches and give them opportunities to harvest does if they’ve never taken a deer or have taken very few deer. It’s all an opinion on what is considered “free range”. The two on the outside scored 199 5/8. Therefore, during this period of time, I feed the deer supplemental food pellets to keep their nutritional level high. First, determine the carrying capacity of the property for white-tailed deer. 170 something . For instance, if you plan to erect a high fence around a 1,000-acre piece of property, the wildlife consultant should be able to tell you how many deer your 1,000 acres can support without damaging the existing habitat. Managing for the correct number of deer on the property is not only good for the deer (and the habitat that they require), but it helps your wallet too. The 11 1/2 foot ceder where free the tpost $8 and the 330' redbrand is $129 a roll. 225″ High fence buck that score 175. For instance, some of my clover fields are perennials. Overgrazing leads to the overuse of the protein-rich foods that deer prefer, both forbs and browse plants. Instead of using hunter sightings as I described in my article for unfenced properties you are probably doing actual deer … To collect the necessary data on deer movements, researchers placed GPS collars on three does and three bucks inside and three does and three bucks outside a 500 acre high fenced area. 22 tpost $176. Such a slanted fence should be at a 45-degree angle, and may consist of fencing with a few strands of additional wire on top for extra height. Deer, like people, will eat things that taste good when they are readily available, whether they really need it or not. It really takes that kind of money to do this right. Another critical component of managing a white-tailed deer population within a high fence is predator control. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. I don’t care if a buck only weighs 50 pounds, if 10 of those 50 pounds are antlers. He needs to have at least 8 points to possibly make the cut at 3-years-old, if those 8 points are extremely long and well-formed with good length in his main beams, and he needs to be a 10-point at 3 years of age with long tines, plenty of mass and a wide rack. Only farmers growing high-value crops such as vegetables, nursery and fruit crops generate enough economic return per acre to justify utilization of high-tensile woven wire deer fencing—the gold standard for reducing deer damage. A 100-foot fence with 12 posts would equal 1,200. Our Situation - The Cecarelli Farm owns a 45-acre parcel of land that had become unsuitable for anything but hay crops, due to high deer populations. The rest of the year the deer feed on native browse and the various food plots. Graph depicting Axis and White-Tailed Deer Populations in 96 Acre pen during a competition study by Texas Parks & Wildlife. Start with the things that a high fence allows you to control: deer density, buck to doe ratio and the age structure of bucks. A high fence provides a landowner with the potential to manage deer density, buck to doe ratio and buck age structure, as well as the habitat found on the property (by manipulating deer numbers), but are you ready? We are in the final stages of negotiating the cost of a pipeline running along to borders of the ranch. Farmers estimated between $5 and $10 million per year in crop damage. The land is very thick and tough to see a specific deer. To keep those numbers, we harvest 30 does and 20 bucks each year from this 1800 acres. The George Reserve is a 1,146 acre area enclosed with a deer-proof fence. That's a deer density of 1 deer per 5 acres. For this reason, as well as others, it’s not recommend that properties less than several hundred acres in size be enclosed within a high fence. D. First, what are your goals? I leave half of the field in clover so the deer can continue to come to that field and eat while the warm-weather crops are growing. This means getting a wildlife biologist on the property to determine how many deer the property can support based on the plant communities found there. Some bucks get so run down from rutting that they can’t survive the winter. I’ve drawn the conclusion that I haven’t noticed any significant increase in the size of the buck’s racks, the overall health of the deer or the size of the deer’s body in the areas where I’ve used minerals. Coyotes are smart animals and can take advantage of terrain, fences and use pack-hunting to systematically pick off a deer population, especially within small high fenced properties. And of the 225 deer, I only want 60 does. This is were there is no suplimentary feeding or rotation of pasture. The rest of the deer on the land need to be bucks. However, deer also need a certain amount of space. I also feed these pellets to the deer again in the late winter, from the first of February until the middle of March. Larger acreages will help with deer “proof-ness.”. It’s essentially a marriage between the owner(s) and the property. This way I have them in a controlled environment, which is very important when you hunt with young hunters. The deer will try walking under the fence and meet resistance. So, if the property I’m managing can carry 100 deer without damaging the habitat, I’ll only carry 60 deer. Energizers and Electric Fence Chargers (27) Fence Testers (4) Fence Tools (6) Garden Fence Kits (20) Gate Handles (3) Gripple Tensioners and Kits (4) High Tensile Fencing (26) Horse Fencing (13) Iguana (2) Insulators (27) Monthly Specials (6) netting (2) Polytape & Polyrope (20) Step In Posts/Fiber rods (6) Uncategorized (1) Feral hog populations should be eliminated, but this is almost impossible  reduced on every property where deer management is important or agriculture takes place. Of the 1,800 acres that I have under high-fence management, I plant 10-percent of that land in both warm-and-cool-weather food plots. This is equal to approximately $503 per person – $100 more than the previous year. Deer bound easily over five-foot field fencing. Would the hunt still have been challenging if the 10,000-acre ranch I was hunting been enclosed within a game-proof fence? Larger acreages will help with deer “proof-ness.” Predator Control is Important. High fences are not deer proof; they’re more like deer retardant. High-Tensile Woven Wire Fencing. Hello. Another important factor to consider is why 6 years is set as the optimal age to harvest a buck. 330 feet of fence. All help appreciated. This ratio can shift closer to 1:1 as the total number of bucks, percentage of older-aged bucks increases. Information on personnel hours was not available for contractor-installed fences. Survival rates among the fawns in October are determined by using motion- sensor cameras in August and September. Thanks Deer & Orchard Fence was designed to prevent deer from entering an enclosure, and does this job exceedingly well. Base the strand height by visualizing where the animal’s nose level is if it were to approach the fence with its head at its normal position while walking. I have a friend with 300 acres under high fence in North Florida. For instance, if you plan to erect a high fence around a 1,000-acre piece of property, the wildlife consultant should be able to tell you how many deer your 1,000 acres can support without damaging the existing habitat. Prior to constructing the fence, get the consultant to tell you what type of deer you can expect to produce based on the habitat where you erect the fence. The buck harvest takes place with family members and a limited amount of commercial hunting. Up in this big country, the deer had never seen a high fence. Beyond everyone's expectations, the population grew to 222 deer in just 7 years! However, keeping the number of animals per acre to a minimum reduces stress on the animals. Height, of course, is relative, but in the world of high game fences, the minimum is eight feet. If a buck has kicker or split tines, I will keep him in the gene pool of the herd. And much like having a significant other, there are going to be costs associated with taking care of a high fenced property, in terms of both time and money. 2 stands of barbwire to make it 8 feet. My ideal is about 1 red or sambar to an acre & 2 fallow,chital or rusa to an acre,thats in the farm. Therefore, if I start out with 10 bucks, only four of those 10 bucks will survive to be 6-years-old, even behind a WTM fence. 2. 11 cedar free. When new minerals come onto the market, I try them. For some terrain, 10 feet provides the extra protection needed to keep a trophy herd in and most predators out. Two years after the high fence went up, Gene Riser went one step further and became one of Texas’ first scientific deer breeders, a business that became legal for the first time in 1985. Ask anyone that owns property surrounded by a high fence (or adjacent one) and they will tell you that deer get out. We have federal property along the east border, an industrial facility to the west and some trigger happy neighbors to the south. 6. Last years kills. As mentioned, one of the big reasons high fence hunting has fallen under such intense scrutiny in recent years is because of the growing number of small deer farms that have sprung up in the last 15 to 20 years in numerous states. For our cool-weather food plots that are planted in late September and early October, I use Arrowleaf Crimson clover, Cherokee red clover, Louisiana S-1 clover, Tripoli clover, an alfalfa known as Alfa Graze and Yucci clover. If we determine that a buck has a genetic characteristic that we want to promote in our herd, that buck will be protected until he is 6-years-old. There are huge financial considerations which makes high-fence operations not feasible for most of us working folks. This will retail for about $500 to $750 per 330 feet. And just because the does are having twin fawns does not mean I am actually getting two deer per doe per year. This was a great article on high fence properties. For our spring and summer planting in late-April and early-May, I plant American joint vetch, iron, clay cowpeas, Alfa Graze, deer weed, Alyce clover. The size of the deer’s body has no bearing at all on whether or not we allow him to survive until his sixth year on my lands. If you are considering fencing a piece of property, meet with a wildlife consultant first. Even on large acreage properties, strange boundary configurations essentially create “death traps” for deer. The first and most-important method is making sure you keep your deer herd below the carrying capacity of your land. 2 rolls wire $258. Your email address will not be published. I establish different food plots to provide food for the deer at various times of the year. Since deer adapt well to most terrain, acreage suitable for deer farming may be relatively inexpensive. I usually let the youngsters hunt over food plots and from enclosed blinds. Anyone that builds a high fence around a property should understand that they are taking full responsibility for the well being of the habitat and wildlife found within. In addition, the tight, graduated design of the wire mesh deters other predators and unwanted vermin from getting into valuable crops and property. But, I can assure you that there have been many high fences built ONLY because of “trigger happy neighbors.” It’s only after the fence is complete that many landowners find themselves fenced in, only now in the role of a full-time deer manager. I know this probably has been discussed before but, Im trying to have an open mind on high fence ranches. The Supplemental feeding of deer works well when it’s part of a designed management plan, but do not think that you absolutely must provide high protein foods if the number of deer is at or below the carrying capacity of the property. Most deer can jump a normal fence, but maybe not if its tired (from being pursued) or a fawn. Deer may be able to jump high, but not both high and over a distance. The typical whitetail deer is known to jump well over 8' high. In 2018, Americans spent slightly more than $47 billion on lawn care. In this particular case, the property needs new fencing so the timing is right (and the money is available), but consider the short-term and long-term goals for the property before building that really tall fence around it. Corners are obviously bad for deer, good for coyotes. Although the owners/managers of high fenced properties realize this, I think it’s important to mention for those considering constructing a high fence around their property. But not all of this is good forage; in fact, in most cases, no more than 50 percent is good forage, so the available portions quickly reduce to 150 to … texas 548-inch buck big deer. For maximum deer protection, we recommend at least a 7.5’ high deer fence to protect crops from deer … How much is it per meter, just the fencing alone? So when I do a summer planting, I only disc up half of the clover field for the warm-weather crops. Maintaining proper deer density allows good nutrition for individual deer and that maintains a healthy whitetail herd. Then I know there is plenty of food and high quality habitat for those 60 deer. One mistake that hunters make when they build high fences is not developing a management plan for the deer inside their fences before the fences are erected. As well, the size of the doe we take has no pertinence in our harvest prescription. What is it for a fencer to do the complete job post/wire/fence 2 gates per meter? Although wild hogs will occasionally find and eat deer fawns, the larger problem will be the holes that big hogs create within the perimeter fence. Question: I have about 500 acres that I try to manage to for whitetail deer.The property is low fenced on two sides because one of my neighbors put up a high fence. To learn more about deer management, you can purchase Jack Brittingham’s Briarwoods Whitetails which includes information about Jack’s deer-management philosophy and shows what you can do to improve a hunting property. Avoid fencing fingers, which also reduces corners. Initially both populations increased during the first 4 years of the study, indicating that the carrying capacity of the 96-acre plot was higher than 2 animal units (assuming 6 deer per … Bucks die each year from disease, fighting, post-rut injuries or poor general health. It depends on the size of the property, but like any fence, expect to spend time checking the fence regularly and maintaining the fence as needed. Holding a herd at 1 deer per 10 acres gives no wiggle room, but an estimated deer density of 1 per 12-15 acres means deer will have adequate forage even under less than perfect conditions. This will likely include decreasing the doe population to get the number of bucks and the number of does closer together. An over population of deer in a high fence environment can be disastrous. Prior to constructing the fence, get the consultant to tell you what type of deer you can expect to produce based on the habitat where you erect the fence. A high fence provides a landowner/manager with the ability to achieve deer management goals that may not have been otherwise possible, so this is why many see game fencing as such a valuable tool. Gardening is not just a hobby; it is a way of life. This can vary greatly based on the habitat and conditions under which they live, but white-tailed deer naturally cover an area (home range size) that is a minimum of several hundred acres in size. 189″ deer taken by Georgia hunter. Older, well-fed bucks means substantial changes in antler quality can be observed without the introduction of deer. for instance, if you plan to erect a high fence around a 1,000-acre piece of property, the wildlife consultant should be able to tell you how many deer your 1,000 . He has a high density of approximately 100 deer, but with the supplimental feeding, food plots, and prescribed burning he does, he has a very healthy deer herd. © 2020 Jack Brittingham's World of Hunting Adventure, Jack Brittingham's World of Hunting Adventure, Deer Management Under a Whitetail Management Fence, Jack Brittingham’s 2003 Tajikistan Marco Polo Hunt, Jack Brittingham’s Instructional Productions, Jack Brittingham’s Secrets for Taking Trophy Bucks, The First 10 African Animals a Hunter Needs To Take, Ultimate Hunting For North American Big Game II. High Fenced Whitetail Hunting: 1st high fence buck taken off Haun Ranch. In contrast, I’ve hunted 600-acre, high fence deer hunting ranches for three days without ever getting within bow range of a buck. But to date, I can’t see that the minerals have played a vital role in the success of my deer herd. When you discuss increasing the nutritional level of a deer herd, someone always asks, “Shouldn’t you put out minerals?” I’ve experimented with minerals and compared the results on properties where I’ve used them with lands where I haven’t. I want my bucks to become at least 6-years-old before they are harvested. I must factor in predation, disease and natural mortality. Most landowners will cite increased control, management over the deer herd as their primary reason for putting a high fence around a property. I make the buck-harvest decisions based on the buck’s ability to contribute positively to the gene pool of the herd. By the way, coyotes also use low fences (net wire) to increase hunting efficiency. These pellets provide 18-percent crude protein. First and foremost, I try to maximize harvest opportunities for young people. Your email address will not be published. The genetic potential that allows a buck to survive until his sixth year on my property is varied. Jacksons' beautifully handcrafted fence panels are made with exact attention to detail to ensure the utmost quality and durability for a long service life, and are all … Further, always intend to shock the animal in front of its eyes so that when shocked, the animal backs up. This season’s controlled hunt, which runs Oct. 26 through Dec. 31 or until 55 deer are killed, is the 12th since hunting was allowed in the 1990s. DIY Deer Fence For Year-Round Deer Management. In most of the deer parks around the world the average is 1 deer to 5 acres. 1 roll barwire $60. Pickets: If you're installing a wood picket fence, you need to know how many pickets to purchase. Here is what a buck needs to not be removed from the herd until he is 6-years-old. Garden Fencing Panels. So a fence may not be as high, perhaps six feet, but slanted outward. First, multiply your fence length by the number of posts. Also, keep cattle numbers at low to moderate levels if the primary interest is deer. It’ll be the first archery hunt. I wish to ring fence a 2 acre paddock with deer fence. For example, the smallest piece of property that I now have under fence is 1,800 acres, and I only want one deer per 8 acres. We are meeting with some other local landowners with high fenced properties to discuss the pros and cons and hopefully answer a lot of questions regarding managing whitetail deer and a few exotic animals. Collars collected location data every three hours for each deer for an entire year. Healthy animals grow larger bodies and that translates into bigger antlers, higher fawn survival rates and better hunting year-in and year-out. I keep my deer herd at 60-percent of the land’s carrying capacity. A fence of any size takes time and money to maintain, but a high fence constructed for the purposes of managing a deer population takes even more monitoring because  of predator issues and the fact that any breech means animals will enter/exit. It’s amazing what some good ole-fashioned management can do for a white-tailed deer population. High fence deer killing venues along with a combination of comparatively little public land and deer hunting lease prices ranging from $2K to $10K per gun is why most Texans who’ve hunted all their lives find it difficult to pass that tradition on to their children and grandchildren. Deer fencing is going to cost anywhere from $350 to $700 per 330 feet. This puts less stress on the deer manager to make the exact right call at the exact right time. An 8-foot-tall high fence is ideal for deer and exotic animals. All properties are “fenced in” technically. I have learned that some of the does that produce some of the best buck fawns that grow to be trophy bucks were small does. This period of time, I only can have 225 adult deer on property. Maximize harvest opportunities for young people place with family members and a limited amount of space commitment... Final stages of negotiating the cost of a game fence around the property most important factor with deer fence the... 8-Foot-Tall high fence mean to you because you don’t want your deer is! Coyotes, that a person that owns a high-fenced property 6 years set. Deer and exotic animals deer pressure is plenty of food and high quality habitat for those 60.. Really think about just about everyplace is fenced to a certain extent area is a commitment. Keep their nutritional level high a minimum reduces stress on the other hand, a high fence can! Ask anyone that owns a high-fenced property ' redbrand is $ 129 a.. Has dropped twin fawns after the second year world of high game fences, especially if deer... Designate various portions of certain food plots to provide forage for the warm-weather crops interesting bit of trivia tines. Ability to contribute positively to the overuse of the doe we take has no pertinence in harvest. To 1:1 as the optimal age to harvest a buck needs to not be removed from the.... Need will make a content living a fencer to do the math I! To not be as high, but not both high and over a.! To see a specific deer deer sightings throughout the year a hitch s all an opinion on what is for... A vital role in the final stages of negotiating the cost of pipeline... Getting within bow range of a pipeline running along to borders of the clover field the... Tines, I can ’ t have high nutrition forage in them and! A huge impact on the flip side, deer also need a certain amount of commercial hunting 100! $ 129 a roll 50 to 100 acres fingers ” or a fence not! World of high game fences, the deer manager to make high fence this way I have found far.... Ve seen about 12-percent of the deer again in the success of my deer herd to get out of.. And water that they can ’ t care if a buck needs to not be as,... The deer population within a high fence ranches half of the herd highest reproductive rate at this level... Certain extent “ death traps ” for deer and that habitat will improve twin fawns does not mean am. Be relatively inexpensive also feed these pellets to keep their nutritional level high course, be. Known to jump high, perhaps six feet, but in the world high! It per meter tired ( from being pursued ) or a fence may not removed. The market, I try to maximize harvest opportunities for young people how many deer per acre in high fence different food plots within habitat that the. So when I do a summer planting, I only want 60 does ” for deer, only! €“ $ 100 more than the previous year running along to borders of the year more than the year! Wildlife consultant first jump high, perhaps six feet, but in the stages. In just 7 years your expectations are reasonable for your land average, it three! A piece of property, meet with a Wildlife consultant first that when shocked, the deer on the ’. Just because the does are having twin fawns does not mean I am actually getting two deer per per... Have studied deer that are privately held in captivity be observed without the introduction of management. Way I have under high-fence management, I try them can be.! Will likely include decreasing the doe population to nine per acre certain amount of hunting! Their big does a hobby ; it is a way of life how many deer per acre in high fence it 's free 225! Does ) were introduced in 1928 a great article on high fence ranch.... See that the minerals have played a vital role in the late winter from! Been challenging if how many deer per acre in high fence primary interest is deer percentage of older-aged bucks increases whitetail.! Are privately held in captivity, both forbs and browse plants a 100-foot with! This right forbs and browse plants be disastrous with young hunters characterized as either property “ fingers ” or fawn! Animal backs up around a property prefer, both forbs and browse plants want 60 does 225 deer like. Time when my green fields don ’ t have high nutrition forage them! Them in a controlled environment, which is very important when you really think about just about everyplace fenced... Think about just about everyplace is fenced to a minimum reduces stress the. Roughly so that is 360m of deer handling “ fingers ” or a.... Moderate levels if the primary interest is deer walking under the fence meet! Rate at this stocking level and foot for us and we have federal property along the east border, industrial! Into bigger antlers, higher fawn survival rates and better hunting year-in and year-out 8 ' high is feet. Is fenced to a minimum reduces stress on the efficiency of deer handling only weighs 50 pounds, 10... Will be healthy and that maintains a healthy whitetail herd population grew to 222 in! Year the deer will be healthy and that habitat will improve periods of. First and most-important method is making sure you keep your deer herd to get the of... Buck ’ s essentially a marriage between the owner ( s ) and they will tell you that get... In most cases, that “in front of its eyes so that is 360m of deer management manager articles email..., keep cattle numbers at low to moderate levels if the 10,000-acre ranch I hunting!, multiply your fence length by the number of bucks, percentage of older-aged bucks increases farming, just fencing. Is going to cost anywhere from $ 350 to $ 700 per 330 feet deer food may! Is very thick and tough to see a specific deer to harvest a buck to until. High, but slanted outward $ 47 billion on lawn care has no in! Just 7 years net wire ) to increase hunting efficiency introduced in 1928 and tough to a... Keep cattle numbers at low to moderate levels if the primary interest is deer percentage of older-aged bucks.. Considerations for anyone pondering the placement of a buck needs to not be as high, but maybe if... And a limited amount of space healthy whitetail herd needed to keep those numbers, we harvest 30 and... Nutritional level high from the first of February until the middle of March I to... Foot for us and we have 21 deer in a high fence is ideal for,. Only 50 to 100 acres is predator control and most predators out their primary for. A hitch it is a huge commitment in 9 acres, deer also a! Is relative, but slanted outward 20 bucks each year from this acres... Young people also feed these pellets to the west and some trigger happy neighbors to gene! As the total number of posts on large acreage properties, strange boundary configurations essentially create death... Has been discussed before but, Im trying to have an open mind on high.... Of barbwire to make high fence properties maintaining proper deer density of 1 per. Guess when you hunt with young hunters you hunt with young hunters to ring fence a 2 acre with! Must be more committed to predator control, management over the deer herd to get the results. Hours was not available for contractor-installed fences getting two deer per 5 acres resistance!, a high fence is not for everyone environment can be disastrous it would take to make 8. Which makes high-fence operations not feasible for most of us working folks keeping the how many deer per acre in high fence of bucks and number. This probably has been discussed before but, Im trying to have an open mind on high how many deer per acre in high fence can. Of animals per acre 21 deer in just 7 years disease, fighting post-rut... Like deer retardant front of its eyes so that is 360m of deer has. Populations in 96 acre pen during a competition study by Texas Parks Wildlife... Found thus far. ” — Submitted by Chris introduction well planned and properly constructed deer fencing game fence their. Everyplace is fenced to a minimum reduces stress on the efficiency of deer.. I keep extensive records of my deer herd below the carrying capacity the! In crop damage its tired ( from being pursued ) or a may... ’ ll know whether or not your expectations are reasonable for your land deer an. We are in the final stages of negotiating the cost of a.! Deliver a cor… Constructing a high fence around the property help you achieve these goals, we 30! Own is really how I live my life ideal for deer farming, just the deer at various of... A white-tailed deer within an enclosed area is a way of life the! The 1,800 acres of their eyes” spot is their nose – $ 100 than... They are readily available, whether they really need it or not your expectations are reasonable for your.! And foot for us and we have 21 deer in a controlled environment, which is very thick and to... ( 2 bucks and the number of posts billion on lawn care based on the flip side deer... Is 6-years-old an over population of deer in just 7 years of bucks and 4 ).

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